Working on server-side software, which is concerned with everything that is not visible on a website, is what back-end development comprises. A Python backend developer is in charge of coding, developing, implementing, and debugging development projects that are often server-side (or backend). Backend developers guarantee that the website functions appropriately by concentrating on databases, backend logic, application programming interfaces (APIs), architecture, and servers.
Things you must learn to become a self-taught Python backend developer
SDLC and Agile
Python backend development is regarded as a limited zone since it requires a deeper and broader understanding, especially if you are new to programming and do not want to pursue a traditional degree. Becoming a self-taught Python developer is difficult, but not if you plan. SDLC refers to designing, creating, testing, and deploying software. Work is completed in iterative cycles called sprints, which typically span two to four weeks.
It is focused on collaborative decision-making between requirements and solutions teams and a cyclical, iterative process of creating functioning software.
Agile software development is a set of iterative approaches in which requirements and solutions change via cooperation amongst self-organizing cross-functional teams. It was initially intended for managing software development projects. Throughout the project lifecycle, it allowed teams to quickly model solutions, incorporate input, and alter scope as needed. This method shortened delivery times and accommodated shifting requirements as new advancements developed.
JIRA, GIT and GitHub
Jira and GitHub integration synchronizes work across tools and employs automation to eliminate manual procedures and reduce delivery time. It is a command-line program, whereas GitHub is a graphical Web interface. By integrating your GitHub code into your Jira projects, the Python developers can focus less on updates and more on creating exceptional products. GitHub is a website where Git repositories are found. It is a popular version control system for Python applications.
Git is a distributed open-source source control (sometimes known as “version control”) system for tracking and managing file changes. It also has access control and several collaborative features. It is a platform for hosting code for version control and collaboration. In contrast, Git is a tool for managing multiple versions of source code edits that are then transferred to files in a Git repository. It is a source control system implementation.
To become a Python backend developer, you must first understand Git, a distributed open source (sometimes known as “version control”) system often used to track and manage file changes. Git is a popular version control system for Python applications.
PostgreSQL, sometimes known as “Postgres” and pronounced “Poss-gres,” is an open-source relational database system frequently used as a backend for data storage and retrieval by Python applications. A Python backend developer uses Postgres, created by the Postgres server process, and processes all queries performed by a single connected client. It communicates with the client through a single TCP connection and shuts off when the client is disconnected. PostgreSQL functions may be created in Python using the PL/Python procedural language.
To install PL/Python in a specific database, use CREATE EXTENSION plpythonu or creating plpythonu dbname from the shell command line.
MongoDB is a document-oriented and NoSQL database solution with excellent scalability, flexibility, and a robust querying mechanism. With MongoDB and Python, you can easily create many database applications. It saves data as JSON-like documents, making it incredibly versatile and scalable. You will need access to a MongoDB database to experiment with the code samples in this lesson. MongoDB has become a popular choice for a highly scalable database.
It is now used by the Python backend developers to store data of many well-known organizations such as IBM, Twitter, Zendesk, Forbes, Facebook, Google, and a zillion others.
Java is a primary object-oriented programming language and software platform that runs billions of devices, including laptop computers, mobile devices, game consoles, and medical equipment. The Java programming language’s principles and grammar depend on the C and C++ programming languages. Java and Python are two general-purpose, generally used programming languages by Python backend developers. Developers utilize Java and Python backend developer creates a wide range of desktop and online apps, making them extremely popular.
These programming languages are also present in data science and machine learning.
It is an accessible and free ORM (Object Relational Mapping) tool. Hibernate supports the JPA (Java Persistence API) requirements for data persistence. It provides a framework for mapping object-oriented domain models to relational databases to support online applications.
Spring, Spring MVC, Springboot
Spring MVC is a web application framework built on Model, View, and Controller. Built on top of the standard spring structure, used to create self-contained web spring apps. It is used to develop a Spring-powered framework and includes preset configurations. Spring Boot is one of the most popular frameworks for REST API development.
API stands for “Application Programming Interface.” In a broad sense, API covers everything an application programmer needs to know about a piece of code to utilize. The programmer is assumed to know all Signatures of classes and methods, their parameters, parameter types (or behavior), and return values. A programmer should always write against the interface (API) rather than the implementation, especially in Python.
Microservices are a method of organizing large software systems. Instead of placing your code into a single program, you divide it into microservices that can be deployed separately and communicate with one another. It enables them to build application code fast, plugin boilerplate functions, and test programs before converting them to script. Python is a highly typed language that enforces data types to ensure consistent consistency and minimize mistakes.
Docker is a containerization solution that allows you to create isolated, repeatable application environments. It is a popular development tool among Python backend developer. It allows you to decouple your applications from your infrastructure, enabling you to deliver software more quickly. Docker allows you to manage your infrastructure the same way you manage your applications.
Kubernetes is an open-source platform with deployment, maintenance, and scaling methods that aid in the administration of containerized Python applications while providing portability, flexibility, and self-healing capabilities. It automates container management operational duties and provides built-in commands for deploying applications, rolling out updates, scaling your applications up and down to meet changing demands, monitoring your applications, and more—all to make application administration easier.
Several platforms offer Python courses, like YouTube and many other online classes, to assist you in becoming a Python backend developer, so without any doubt, start your learning now.